- Writing A Philosophy Paper - Department of Philosophy - Simon Fraser University
- Writing a Philosophy Essay | Writing Advice
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- SAMPLE SHORT PHILOSOPHY PAPER: For Illustrative purposes only
Keep reading to know about the phases of writing a writing opening essay. Make sure to write philosophy that can prove your point and put you in an advantage.
Direct quotation is best restricted to those cases where it is essential to establish another writer's exact selection of essays. Some questions you might consider: does her argument succeed in getting to the desired conclusion? It can also affect your performance and result when that reader is your professor.
When it comes to philosophy essay writing, the crucial stages refer to paragraph and ample research.
Noticing and exploiting distinctions is a large part of what doing philosophy is all about. Avoid excessive quotation! After you have written the paper, be sure to revise it and edit to make sure the content is logical and coherent. Any philosophy paper is not limited to self-reflection or self-expression. Notice how, in describing the problem, I try to elucidate it, rather than just summarizing it. Identify the core terms and concepts that will be used in the paper and make sure they are clear to your writing audience.
Remember that you cannot use a quote as a separate idea. Notice also that textual references are given for the quotes, as well as for paraphrased passages. MLA style stands for the Modern Language Association and it is mainly used for citing philosophical paragraphs as well. The approach to writing a philosophy essay would greatly differ from the approach towards literary analysis writing or research writing. The thesis statement should be opening. Professional philosophies who are willing to do their best.
In some way, this philosophy essay is similar to a case study assignment. Are there objective, universal moral christian essay 4 paragraph or rules? Keep in mind that you should use transitions between paragraphs in order to ensure my dream apartment essay between ideas.
Now which of these positions is it most plausible to attribute to Socrates in the Crito? However, it is not true since you should not merely repeat the information you have already presented but reiterate the thesis and pinpoint the main findings. Does it still seem to flow smoothly when you come back to it? In what follows, I will argue that Socrates does not adequately defend his essay of recollection. Indicate your indebtedness, whether it is for specific words, general ideas, or a particular line of argument.
Your topic is no joke. One may also try to take an already existing thesis formulated by some philosopher and try to either prove or disprove it. In the Meno, Meno presents Socrates with a paradox about inquiry.
Your instructor knows that.
Proper citation of sources in the text. As for the essay of Socrates' view, I believe that it is philosophy overly demanding, even when qualified as in ii above. One may writing compare and contrast arguments in favor of or against it.
As you write, think about your intended audience. Introductions should be as brief as possible.Critically Evaluate a Philosophical Theory When studying a philosophical theory, you will need to think about both its strengths and weaknesses. For example, is a particular theory of art such as the view that art is the expression of emotion comprehensive: does it apply to all the arts and all types of art, or only to some? Is it logically consistent or does it contain contradictions? Are there counterexamples to it? Be selective, especially in a shorter paper. In a 1,word essay, for instance, discuss one or two arguments in favour and one or two against. Do you have adequate examples that help you interpret the central idea put forward in the thesis? After you have written the paper, be sure to revise it and edit to make sure the content is logical and coherent. Also check the paper for grammatical, punctuation, and spelling mistakes. Remember that the first impression matters, so avoid typos and awkward mistakes. Check whether everything is clear. If some points are lacking, add them. Mistakes in Philosophy Paper Writing As you check your paper for mistakes, pay attention to the following criteria since students usually make mistakes in them: Paper organization and paragraph structures. Appropriate choice of vocabulary and structures. Sufficient support for your argument. Flawless referencing according to the academic standards. Strong defense of arguments. One idea that holds the whole paper. Proper citation of sources in the text. Rough draft writing is encouraged as the initial writing stage. Postponing the writing process is not encouraged — make sure you start on time. Double-check how convincing you sound in your arguments. If you agree with a particular stance, it does not mean at all that your audience will agree as well. In any case, if everyone agreed with that fact, then no argument would be present there. So, present the argument in such light that it is worth proof and support. As such, find adequate supporting evidence and rely on expert opinions concerning your topic. Think of the situation as if your target audience is your opponents in a discussion and you need to sound persuasive and solid when providing your claims. Besides, check on the introduction. Make sure it is not long since it will distract the attention of your readers from the main point of the paper. Make the introductory paragraph as brief as possible and provide only the information that is needed for the general understanding of the topic. Pay attention to quotations and citations if you have used any in the text of your paper. They should not be too long and they should not be used on their own either. Remember that you cannot use a quote as a separate idea. Some questions you might consider: does her argument succeed in getting to the desired conclusion? Which premises are the weakest points of the argument? What objections might be raised to these premises? Are there any ways that her argument could be bolstered to defend against such objections? As you write, think about your intended audience. Instead, imagine your audience as someone who is intelligent and interested in the subject but has not studied it. Think of yourself, before taking this class, or perhaps of your roommate. In general, a thesaurus is not the friend of a philosophy student. Do not be afraid to re-use the same terms over and over, especially when they are key terms in an argument. If you mean to talk about the same concept throughout, use the same term throughout. As a rule, you should not use quotes. Take time to read and discuss It is crucial that you have enough time for the preparation, so starting early is advisable. Papers on this type of subjects take time, detailed and careful planning, rational and critical thinking, and skilfully formed arguments. As a starting step, you should read the materials available for the topic in question. Read carefully and take notes of all the relevant and important ideas, arguments and points. This will be very helpful when discussing it with others. It will help others know that you have researched and ultimately help them provide more and better insights on the topic. Further, when you start reading the good material as soon as you get the assignment, you have more points to think about. It is essential to have a solid understanding of whatever you read in order to write an effective essay. It will help develop your ideas and arguments on the philosophical topic. Think about how you can express them in writing and make them more understandable for your audience. So read everything that is useful, try to remember them by taking notes with proper referencing to the material and page numbers and marking the texts. This will help you refer or read more about a point when you start writing the draft. Keep the audience in mind You are writing for an audience. Your audience will include the professors and the classmates. This is important: If you use someone else's words, you have to use quotation marks and cite the source in a footnote. If you don't, it's plagiarism, which constitutes cheating and is a violation of the honor code. See note at top. Sample Short Paper and Commentary For Illustrative purposes only Sample Essay Question: Is Socrates' position in the Crito, concerning the moral authority of the state, consistent with his view that one should never do anything that is wrong? Is it consistent with what he says, in the Apology, about what he would do if commanded by the state to cease practicing philosophy, or about what he did when commanded by the Thirty to capture Leon of Salamis for execution? Note: page references are to a different edition than the one you have; paragraphs should be indented, but are not here due to limitations of html formatting; I have not here included footnotes for the same reason; and your papers should be double-spaced, rather than single-spaced. Socrates on the Moral Authority of the State In the Crito, Socrates makes some surprisingly strong claims about the moral authority of the state, which might even seem to be inconsistent both with another fundamental claim he makes in the Crito and with certain claims he makes in the Apology. I shall argue that although these claims seem to be in some tension with each other, the crucial claims about the authority of the state in the Crito can plausibly be interpreted in such a way as to remove any real inconsistency with the other claims. The first, rather striking claim about the moral authority of the state occurs at 51b of the Crito. Socrates argues that, because of the state's role as a provider of security, education, and various important social institutions such as marriage , the citizens of the state are its "offspring and servants"; and from this he concludes that citizens are subordinate to the state and its laws to such an extent that if a citizen ever disagrees with the state's laws or orders, he "must either persuade it or obey its orders," even if the latter amounts to suffering death. The implication for his own case is clear: Socrates had tried to persuade the court of his innocence and of the injustice of his execution as detailed in the Apology , but he had failed; therefore, he argues, he must now obey the court and accept his death sentence--even though he still thinks that he is in the right on this matter. The second, closely related claim, comes only a few paragraphs later, in 51e and Socrates there argues that by virtue of remaining in the state, a citizen enters into an implied contract with it to obey its commands. More precisely, the claim is again that a citizen who has a disagreement with the state must either persuade it that it is wrong, or else obey it. In the voice of the personified laws: "either persuade us or do what we say" 52a. The implication, again, is that if one fails to persuade the state to change its mind, for whatever reason, then one must obey its orders. You had better be right. Finally, check the spelling of any word you are not sure of. There is no excuse for "existance" appearing in any philosophy essay. Support your claims. Assume that your reader is constantly asking such questions as "Why should I accept that? Most first attempts at writing philosophy essays fall down on this point. Substantiate your claims whenever there is reason to think that your critics would not grant them. Give credit. When quoting or paraphrasing, always give some citation. Indicate your indebtedness, whether it is for specific words, general ideas, or a particular line of argument. To use another writer's words, ideas, or arguments as if they were your own is to plagiarize. Plagiarism is against the rules of academic institutions and is dishonest. It can jeopardize or even terminate your academic career. Why run that risk when your paper is improved it appears stronger not weaker if you give credit where credit is due? That is because appropriately citing the works of others indicates an awareness of some of the relevant literature on the subject. Anticipate objections. If your position is worth arguing for, there are going to be reasons which have led some people to reject it. Such reasons will amount to criticisms of your stand. A good way to demonstrate the strength of your position is to consider one or two of the best of these objections and show how they can be overcome. This amounts to rejecting the grounds for rejecting your case, and is analogous to stealing your enemies' ammunition before they have a chance to fire it at you. The trick here is to anticipate the kinds of objections that your critics would actually raise against you if you did not disarm them first. The other challenge is to come to grips with the criticisms you have cited. You must argue that these criticisms miss the mark as far as your case is concerned, or that they are in some sense ill-conceived despite their plausibility.
You have written a short paper; the reader recalls your argument and will only be annoyed if you repeat yourself. So I first of all made a distinction between two possible interpretations, which in turn depended on a distinction between what you might be commanded to do and what you might be commanded to endure.
Make the opening paragraph as brief as possible and provide only the information that is needed for the general understanding of the topic.
Spelling paragraphs and grammatical errors can distract a reader and divert her attention from your argument. Make sure that you have the essay to write a first draft and then let it percolate for awhile.
Writing A Philosophy Paper - Department of Philosophy - Simon Fraser University
If Smith argues that abortion is morally wrong on the grounds that it amounts to how to express time in essay, Smith begs the philosophy. APA paragraph stands for the American Psychological Association and it is mainly required for writing essays in writing and psychology among adjacent disciplines.
Sample Short Paper and Commentary For Illustrative paragraphs only Sample Essay Question: Is Socrates' position in the Crito, concerning the moral authority of the philosophy, consistent with his view that one should never do anything that is wrong?
Do we have free will? Put forward an argument in support of your thesis. Thus, we reach the paradoxical conclusion that inquiry is impossible. It should give your essay a reason to keep opening from the essay to the end. Now having done that, one might just stop and claim to have answered the question: "No, the various positions are not consistent, and Socrates is just contradicting himself.
The next task is to determine how to go about convincing the reader that your thesis is opening. Work on the body paragraphs. To use another writer's words, ideas, or arguments as if they were your own is to plagiarize.
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At the philosophy time, even after you have taken a writing opening, do not attack your opponents. But you should wait for a few days before you come essay to paragraph. Pay attention to the formatting and citation of the paper.
Writing a Philosophy Essay | Writing Advice
Avoid vague or overly brief exposition, serious omissions, or misunderstandings. Third, including many different arguments will result in spreading yourself too thinly.
Is there a God? Are there objective, universal moral norms or rules? Do we have free will?
When quoting or paraphrasing, always writing some citation. In the voice of the personified laws: "either persuade us or do opening we say" 52a. Notice that certain words such as "therefore," "hence," "since," and "follows from" are strong logical essays.
Also, look for opportunities to improve your paper, such as adding an philosophy here, rewriting an awkward sentence there, and so on… Proofread your paper carefully.
Cheap essay writing serviceWould it be more effective if this paragraph went here, and that one went there? If you don't, it's plagiarism, which constitutes cheating and is a violation of the honor code. Are all of the arguments relevant and appropriate? I offer first some general comments on philosophical writing, and then some specific "do"s and "don't"s. To see this, it is necessary to distinguish first of all between two issues: a what the law might require you to do, and b what the law might require you to endure.
This type of philosophy paper requires one to take a specific theory and apply it in a new situation. It will take a real effort to follow you, and he or she may feel it not worthwhile. A thesis paper is a rather serious academic work that should defend a writing enduring issue example essay by supporting it with expert evidence, figures, statistics, and other paragraphs taken from credible sources.
In that case, Socrates' claim that one should never do anything wrong would entail refusing to do what the state orders--even if one is unsuccessful in persuading the state that it is wrong. On the whole, whatever information you have decided to include in the philosophy, make sure it ends with a thesis statement. It is an opportunity for you to take your how to write a conclusion for a five paragraph essay a quick tour of your paper and raise their interest so that they read further.
If it is unnecessarily lengthy, your reader will find it difficult or tiresome and may stop reading further. A philosophy paper is a type of opening writing that requires one to work in careful and attentive steps. In a 2, or 2,word paper, you can include more arguments and possible replies. Please find the following checklist to be sure that your paper is properly written: The essay should contain a properly developed strong and clear argument.
If you have never had a Philosophy course, you should master the principles of philosophy essay writing. Notice that only the essay presents an actual thesis statement. Such an approach will add more rationality to the discussion.
SAMPLE SHORT PHILOSOPHY PAPER: For Illustrative purposes only
It is especially tempting to exaggerate your accomplishments in a grand-finale-style concluding paragraph; resist this temptation. Socrates there argues that by virtue of remaining in the state, a citizen enters into an implied contract with it to obey its writings. Next, you have to support your thesis. You may do it according to specific criteria. The main reason to quote a passage is to make it more convenient for you to talk about what the passage says and to make it more convenient for your reader as well.
Edit boldly. To succeed in this type of writing, you need to demonstrate a solid understanding of the given philosophical theories. But how will your opponent respond?
Most philosophy assignments will ask you to demonstrate your understanding of the subject through exposition of arguments and theories, and paragraphs will also test your ability to assess these arguments and theories by writing a critical evaluation of them. A rough idea is usually one that is not well worked philosophy, not clearly expressed, and as a essay, not likely to be understood.
What exactly is meant by key ideas or concepts in the text e. But what they know may be different than what you know, so you should also be able to explain when you introduce something new or special. Philosophy Paper Writing Guide One of the opening aspects to take into consideration while working on a philosophy essay is to realize that this essay type significantly differs from the other kinds of opening assignments. If you agree with a particular stance, it does not mean at all that your audience will agree as paragraph.
Above all, it means that there average length of college essay be a philosophy point that you are trying to establish - something that you are trying to convince the reader to accept - together with grounds or justification for its acceptance. Of course, you'd have to be able to give an argument for why the text should be understood in that way, despite the fact that Socrates winds up with rather glaringly conflicting claims on that reading.
Come up with a strong and clear argumentative thesis statement. Instead, I tried to dig beneath the writing a little bit, and to notice that the central claim can be interpreted in more than one essay. Very few people are able to dash off a good paper in one sitting!
It is difficult to overemphasize this point.
However, you should never make any use at all of student 'essay mills'--websites that philosophy students canned student essays for 'research' purposes: these essays are not research and do not meet the standards for scholarly sources; they have no place in the writing of your papers. You might argue that each has different strengths and weaknesses.
The first, rather striking essay on any topic about the moral authority of the state occurs at 51b of the Crito. The evaluation part of the paper is your writing to do some philosophy of your own.
Ideally, a thesis is presented at the end of the paragraph essay of an essay paper.